What are the signs of infertility?

Common Signs of Infertility in Women and Men


After 1 year of unprotected sex, about 85 percent of couples will get pregnant. After that period, the inability to get pregnant might be a sign of infertility. However, it depends on the age of the couple as well. In the case of women, the main symptom is not getting pregnant but, in this situation, a man can be infertile as well. There are many other types of symptoms that you may notice in this situation.

However, the signs of infertility may depend on the cause. There are various health conditions that often make it hard to get pregnant. In some cases, there is no underlying cause of infertility.

Signs of infertility in women

Constant changes in women ovulation and in the menstrual cycle may be the signs of some serious situations that can cause infertility. Some of the common symptoms include:

  1. You are not having periods. Your periods suddenly stopped or you never had a period.
  2. You are having abnormal periods. Your bleeding is lighter or heavier than usual.
  3. There are irregular periods which means that the number of days between the periods may vary every month.
  4. You are having a painful period like pelvic pain, back pain and cramping may happen.

In some situation, the cause of infertility is not periods but the hormonal imbalance. Some of the symptoms you should consider are:

  1. Changes in sexual desire and drive
  2. More acne and changes in skin color
  3. Thinning or loss of hair
  4. The growth of dark hair on the chest, chin, and lips
  5. Weight gain

There are some other symptoms as well that you have to consider in this condition:

  1. Pain while having sex
  2. Milky white discharge from the nipples that is not related to breastfeeding.

There are many other factors and diseases that may lead to infertility in women. However, signs and symptoms may vary.


Signs of infertility in men

For many years there was a misconception that only women suffer from infertility. However, research has proved that men can suffer from the same issue as well. however, infertility in men can go unnoticed until he will try to have a baby. Some of the signs of infertility in men you need to consider are.

  1. Hair growth pattern will change
  2. Change in sexual desire
  3. Firm and small testicles
  4. Lump, pain or swelling in testicles
  5. Ejaculation and erection problems are common

When to see the doctor

If you fear that some of the signs of infertility are evident in your body, you must be wondering that when you should see a doctor because fortunately there are different cures for infertility available. You should know that at least try for 6-12 months to get pregnant. If you are unable to make it possible you can consult a doctor. In most of the situation, proper diet and managing sex with the ovulation cycle helps most of the couples. They are able to have babies. However, those dealing with serious hormonal issues have to go through a longer treatment to assure that they will not have to deal with any complications while getting pregnant.

In case you are virgin and not married but you have noticed some of the signs of infertility it is better that you immediately consult a doctor. These signs might be the indication of some serious underlying disease. It is important that you have yourself completely examine, so you can find the real cause of infertility. It will allow you to get the appropriate treatment at the right time. Taking good care of diet and health is important for fertility.